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Aortic Aneurysm Surgery

Aortic Aneurysm Surgery

Aorta, the largest artery in the body, takes part in dissemination of blood emerging from the left ventricle of the heart carrying all the blood to the entire body. Its ventricular diameter is 2,5 cm. Aneurysm, on the other hand, is the enlargement and ballooning of the vessel walls after getting weaker and deformed. Aortic aneurism is a condition that is quite critical for cardiovascular health posing a life-threatening risk, which must be taken under control.

What Are The Causes of Aortic Aneurism?

The research shows that the main cause of aneurism is atherosclerosis. Other causes may be listed as follows:

  • Genetics
  • Smoking and alcohol consumption
  • Being above ideal weight, obesity
  • Narcotic drugs
  • Some infections
  • Damage to the chest due to traumatic reasons such as accident, falling, etc.

The causes of aortic aneurism are also risk factors of this condition, many of which are preventable by some life-style modifications.

What Are The Symptoms of Aortic Aneurism?

No matter which vein is involved, aneurism is a subtle disease. Therefore, periodic check-ups should never be delayed. Depending on the area of involvement, symptoms may vary, such as;

  • Aneurisms in the ventricles: aortic valve failure
  • Aneurisms in the respiratory tract: shortness of breath
  • Aneurisms in the abdomen: back and abdominal pain

Aortic aneurism may rupture in some patients. This vitally important condition may be fatal when not intervened timely.

Before The Operation

Treatment of aortic aneurysm aims at preventing more severe outcomes such as rupturing of the aneurysm putting the patient’s life at stake. Treatment of this serious condition is generally surgery. Following a thorough examination and work-up, the aneurysm in a diameter of 5 to 5,5 cm is operated. The surgical method is either repair or replacement of the affected vein.

The location and extent of the aortic aneurysm and the degree of involvement of peripheral organs are assessed under MRI and computed tomography, and USG and angiography. Aortic aneurysm surgery is quite a serious operation. Therefore, blood and plasma products should be made available before the operation. This operation is generally performed under general anesthesia.

Any aneurysm involving the aorta causes life-threatening situation, in particular. Aortic rupture poses a considerable risk of mortality. Therefore, individuals having a risk factor should make necessary life-style modifications and should never delay their periodic controls.

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