Cardiac health considerable affects the overall health status. Protecting the cardiovascular health also contributes to the health of the other organs. Heart failure is considered as a syndrome rather than a disease. It is also defined as the inability of the heart to adequately meet the metabolic oxygen demand of the body.
A normal heart pumps ten thousand liters of blood daily. This helps to carry the required oxygen and nutrients to all the organs in the body. Heart failure is the underperformance of the heart to fulfill this function. Chronic heart failure develops as a result of certain heart diseases.
Causes of Heart Failure
There are several causes of heart failure such as:
- Having coronary heart diseases
- Being over the ideal weight
- Family history of heart diseases
Symptoms of Heart Failure
Symptoms of heart failure not only negatively affect the daily life of the patient but also lead to several other diseases. Common symptoms of heart failure are shortness of breath, increasing fatigue, edema on the body and excessive urination at night. Other symptoms are irregular beating of the heart, movement restriction, loss of appetite, chest pain, pale skin and cold hands and feet.
It is very important to visit a doctor in case one or more of the heart failure symptoms develop. Otherwise, other health problems associated with heart failure will occur.
Treatment of Heart Failure
Patients diagnosed with heart failure must take some actions. First of all, the patient should avoid sedentary life, adopt a life style free from the risk factors (smoking, obesity). Furthermore, adherence to the exercise programs developed specifically for heart failure patients plays a major role in treatment.
Treatment of other diseases causing heart failure also plays a major role in treatment. Drug therapy is applied to regulate the heart rhythm, normalize high blood pressure and to reduce edema by dilating the vessels in the body.
Life style for Heart Failure Patients
Heart failure patients should have a balanced diet and adhere to their exercise programs. Besides, quitting bad habits like tobacco and alcohol and keeping an ideal weight help to improve quality of life. It is also important to decrease salt intake to avoid edema.